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Types of Jumps In Show Jumping

March 19, 2022
Types of Jumps In Show Jumping

Has your trainer ever asked you to set a fence and you have no idea what they’re talking about or exactly what type of oxer they need? There are so many different types of jumps but have no fear, this guide will make you prepared for the next time your trainer asks you to set a course. Show jumping fences can come in many different styles and forms. Bright colors and quick turns are big factors in these show jumping courses. Here are 12 types of questions you will see in the show jumping ring.


A vertical jump has one or more poles set above each other, so there is no width to jump, only height.



An oxer jump has two vertical jumps set parallel to each other, which makes a gap between them so the jump becomes wide.


Swedish Oxer

A Swedish oxer is when the poles in the oxer are set in an X shape.


Square Oxer

A square oxer is when all the poles are the same height and width, so the jump is set square.

Triple Bar

A triple bar jump is set as an oxer but it has three standards with poles spread out going up in ascending heights.


Open Water

An open water jump is where the horse jumps a shallow pool of water, the focus is jump width not height.



A liverpool is a pool of water that is underneath a vertical or oxer.



A cavaletti is a jump or series of jumps that are low to the ground, commonly used in training for balance and correct striding.


More Jump Lingo


A line consists of two jumps in a straight line, with a set number of strides between the jumps.


A rollback consists of two jumps, where you jump the first one and then turn to jump the other right after.


A combination is two to three jumps with one or two strides in between each jump.


A bounce is when the horse lands over one jump and immediately goes over the next without taking a full stride.

*We hope this helpful guide makes setting your next course a little bit easier! Happy jumping from the team at Equivont